Know Your Rights: Reproductive Health Care

Reproductive health care, including access to contraception and safe and legal abortion care, is an essential part of your health and well-being. Although Roe v. Wade was overturned, abortion remains legal in many states, and other reproductive health care services remain protected by law. The US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is committed to providing you with accurate and up-to-date information about access to and coverage of reproductive health care and resources. Our goal is to make sure you have the right information and support.

Your reproductive rights:

Below you will find information about your right to access care and have it covered by your insurance or other health care coverage if you have it, where to go if you do not have coverage and how to get information if you don’t know.

Most health coverage—whether you have public (eg, Medicaid) or private (eg, coverage through the Affordable Care Act market or through your employer) health coverage—covers free family planning counseling , birth control and other preventive services.

Your right to birth control

Under the Affordable Care Act, most health plans are required to provide you with contraceptive and family planning counseling at no cost. This includes:

  • Hormonal methods, such as birth control pills and vaginal rings
  • Implanted devices, such as intrauterine devices (IUDs)
  • Emergency contraception, such as Plan B® and ella®
  • Barrier methods, such as diaphragms and sponges
  • Patient education and counseling
  • Sterilization procedures

To learn more about birth control coverage requirements for different types of health plans, visit here.

Your right to access abortion services

Following the Supreme Court’s decision to overturn Roe v. Wade, access to abortion will depend even more than before on the state you live in.

  • Medical abortion has been approved by the FDA since 2000 as a safe and effective option. Federal regulations allow medical abortion to be dispensed via telehealth and delivered by mail through certified prescribers and pharmacies, in addition to in-person delivery at clinics, doctors’ offices, and hospitals.
  • Under federal law, Medicaid will only cover abortion services in cases of rape, incest, or if the patient’s life is in danger.
  • If you need help paying for an abortion, abortion funds may be able to provide financial assistance. Information about abortion funds and resources to help are available at
  • If you need information about your state’s laws or need legal help, you can visit this website:

Your right to access other preventive health services

By law, you have the right to access other preventative health services at no out-of-pocket cost under most health insurance plans. Most health insurance plans are required to cover preventative health services for women, including:

  • Visits from a healthy woman to screen your health at any time, including Pap test, breast exam and regular checkup
  • Counseling and testing services
  • Breast and cervical cancer screening
  • Prenatal care, which is the care you would receive during your pregnancy
  • Breastfeeding Services and Supplies
  • Screening and counseling for interpersonal violence (eg, sexual assault evidence collection exams)
  • HIV testing and STI counseling

If you do not have health insurance coverage

HHS Complaints

The Office of Civil Rights (OCR) of the US Department of Health and Human Services enforces federal civil rights laws that prohibit discriminatory restrictions on access to health care. If you believe that your or another person’s civil rights or health information privacy rights have been violated, you can file a complaint with HHS here.

Emergency care:

The Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA) requires that for anyone presenting to hospital with an emergency medical condition, the hospital is required to provide you with the emergency care necessary to save your life, including abortion care.

Patient confidentiality:

Understand your rights to protect your private health information under federal law. If you believe your privacy has been violated, please visit: How to File a HIPAA Complaint to file a complaint.

Visit to learn more about your rights and available federal resources.

Get the facts on:

  • Types of contraception and whether it is covered by your insurance
  • Where you can go to access reproductive and preventive health care
  • Your rights to coverage based on your health coverage (eg, Medicaid, employer-based)
  • Clinics where you can get free or low-cost contraceptives and other reproductive health services.

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