Requirement for proof of vaccination against COVID-19 for air passengers


U.S. Citizens, U.S. Nationals, and Lawful Permanent Residents of the United States

The Presidential Proclamation and Amended CDC Order not apply to U.S. citizens, U.S. nationals, or U.S. lawful permanent residents (green card holders).

For more information on what to do before, during, and after international travel, see International Travel: Information for U.S. Citizens, U.S. Nationals, Lawful Permanent Residents, and Immigrants.

Immigrants and other unaffected people

The Presidential Proclamation and Amended CDC Order not apply to immigrants (including holders of special immigrant visas). An immigrant is any non-US citizen who has a visa listed under the “Immigrant Visa Categories” on the United States Department of State webpage. Directory of visa categories

The presidential proclamation and amended CDC order have no effect on several non-U.S. citizens, including:

  • Non-U.S. citizens eligible for asylum;
  • Non-U.S. citizens eligible for withholding of removal;
  • Non-U.S. citizens eligible for protection under regulations issued under legislation implementing the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment;
  • Non-U.S. citizens admitted to the United States as refugees
  • Non-US citizens have been granted parole in the United States.

NOTE: Certain categories of non-U.S. citizens, including immigrant visa applicants/holders, refugees, parolees, and asylum seekers, and those seeking to enter the United States by land or sea may be subject to separate COVID-19 vaccination requirements. Such individuals are advised to review and familiarize themselves with all applicable United States entry requirements.

For more information about before, during, and after international travel, visit International Travel: Information for U.S. Citizens, U.S. Nationals, Lawful Permanent Residents, and Immigrants.

Air crew members

The Presidential Proclamation and Amended CDC Order do not apply to crew members of airlines or other aircraft operators on official duty if such crew members and operators adhere to all standard protocols of the industry for the prevention of COVID-19, as outlined in the relevant guidelines for crew members. issued by the CDC or by the Federal Aviation Administration in coordination with the CDC. Please see the technical instructions for more information.

Aircraft operators/airlines/crew

For more information, resources and FAQs, please visit the following web pages:

Non-nationals, non-immigrants (persons covered)

Non-citizens who are not immigrants and who seek to enter the United States by air are required to show proof of being fully vaccinated against COVID-19 before boarding a flight to the United States from a foreign country.

If you are not fully vaccinated against COVID-19you will be NOT be permitted to board a flight to the United States, unless you meet the criteria for exceptions under the CDC Proclamation and Amended Order. A booster dose is not required to meet this requirement.

Categories of nonimmigrant noncitizens who meet the criteria for exception under the CDC’s Proclamation and Amended Order include:

  • Persons on diplomatic or official foreign government travel
  • Children under 18
  • People with documented medical contraindications to receiving a COVID-19 vaccine
  • Participants in some COVID-19 vaccine trials
  • People benefiting from a humanitarian or emergency exception
  • People with valid visas [excluding B-1 (business) or B-2 (tourism) visas] who are citizens of a foreign country where the availability of the COVID-19 vaccine is limited (see list for updates effective June 28, 2022)
  • Members of the U.S. Armed Forces or their spouses or children (under 18)
  • Crew members traveling on a C-1 and D nonimmigrant visa
  • Persons whose entry would be in the national interest, as determined by the Secretary of State, Secretary of Transportation, or Secretary of Homeland Security (or their delegates)

If you are traveling by air to the United States under one of these exceptions, you will need to certify that you are exempt from the requirement to present proof of full vaccination against COVID-19 based on one exceptions listed above. Depending on the category of the exception, you may additionally need to certify that:

  1. You will be tested with a COVID-19 viral test 3-5 days after arriving in the United States, unless you have documentation showing that you have recovered from COVID-19 within the last 90 days;
  2. You will self-quarantine for 5 full days, even if the post-arrival virus test result is negative, unless you have documentation showing that you have recovered from COVID-19 within the last 90 days; and
  3. You will self-isolate if the post-arrival test result is positive or if you develop symptoms of COVID-19.

Depending on the category of the exception, if you intend to stay in the United States for longer than 60 days, you may additionally be required to certify that

  • You agree to be vaccinated against COVID-19; and
  • You have arranged to be fully vaccinated against COVID-19 within 60 days of arriving in the United States, or as soon as medically appropriate.

For more information on what each exception category must attest to, see the Attestation

A parent or other authorized person must certify on behalf of a passenger under 18 years of age. An authorized person can certify on behalf of any passenger who is unable to sign their own attestation (for example, because they are too young or because of a physical or mental disability). Children under 2 years old do not need to complete a certificate. As required by United States federal law, all airlines or other aircraft operators will provide and collect the passenger certificate on behalf of the United States government.

If you are a non-citizen non-immigrant and are fully vaccinatedmake sure your vaccine and proof of vaccination are acceptable to board a flight to the United States.

For more information on recommendations and requirements before and during travel to the United States and after arrival in the United States, see Non-U.S. Citizen Non-U.S. Immigrants: Air Travel to the United States

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